Discover the Vatican City

If somebody ever asks you which is the smallest state in the world, you should confidently answer right away: it’s the Vatican City. TheVaticanis actually a landlocked sovereign city-state located in the centre ofItaly, a walled enclave within its capital,Rome.  It covers only 44 hectares (110 acres) and hosts a population of only 800 people. It looks as if everything in here is in miniature, but the things happening are unexpectedly great. Vatican City is one of the most visited areas inRomeand most likely you will have to stand in a long line to visit it.

 If all this already drew your attention, then let’s start discover the Vatican City.

Overview

Vatican Cityis rules by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome and is an ecclesiastical state, the capital of the Catholic world, a spiritual superpower towards which all Catholics turn to reconfirm their faith.

Located just a few hundred meters away of River Tiber that crosses Rome,Vatican Cityhas a Mediterranean climate with mild and rainy winters and awfully dry summers, just like Rome.

Being an independent state, it has its own postal services, newspaper, radio station, army and even currency. The interesting flamboyant dressed guards that you will encounter watching the entrances in the main points of the state are responsible for the pope’s personal security. They remind of the Swiss Guards founded by Julius II in 1506 to defend the Papal State.

The easiest way to get to theVaticanfromRomeis to take the metro, line A to Ottaviano –San Pietro or wait for the buses 40 and 64 at Stazione Termini.

Culture

Located in the heart of a country that breaths art through its every pore,Vatican City is home of the most famous masterpieces in the world. To name only a few, Saint Peter’s Basilica represents a renowned Renaissance icon, whose architects like Bramante, Michelangelo, Berini, Maderno left on it the talent of their imprint. The Sistine Chapel is also a proof of the amazing Italian culture, famous for its breathtaking frescos created by Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Peurgino. And last but not least we should not forget mentioning the worldwide known Last Judgment by Michelangelo. Also the Vatican Library and the collections of the Vatican Museums are of the highest historical and cultural importance, which determined UNESCO to include it in the List of World Heritage Sites.

In conclusion if you want to discover the Vatican City, be prepared for a return in the past and for a lot, a lot of culture.

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